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Divorce & Family Law This forum is for discussing any of the legal issues involved in your divorce.

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Old 12-20-2006, 01:05 PM
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Default Unilateral Change to CS Amount

Situation:

Two kids - 50/50 custody and access.

Agreement for CS calls for financial disclosure by end May and adjustment of CS July 1st based on actual income.

I provided full disclosure

X only provided the tax return she filed for 2005 and refused to give anything else.

Update: An unsigned letter received declaring earnings and expenses (1/3 of earnings) but not on company letterhead or from company. Provided "without prejudice"

Over the last three years, we applied the direct offset method to CS calculations - she only made a very little bit of $$

I expect that her earnings to date will be significanty larger now.
Update: They are much higher.

Question:

Other side is opposed to a change to CS Amount. I think that other side has been deceitful for last 6 mos by not provide disclosure. They are still not compliand with disclosure rules.

My lawyer advises that I should change CS amount unilaterally. This might force them to take us to court but then she'd have to disclose income. I won't make it retro to Jul but I will use straight offset and give her credit for expenses claimed.

Any thoughts on this approach?

Thanks.
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Old 12-20-2006, 06:12 PM
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Dadof Two,

You could bring forth a motion - to obtain sworn financial disclosure. I wouldn't accept the letter as it is unsigned and the word without prejudice means it cannot be used for anything!

see the child support guidelines

http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/DBLaws/R...391_e.htm#BK27

Family Law Act - Ontario REGULATION 391/97 - Amended to O. Reg. 102/06

Obligation of applicant

21. (1) A parent or spouse who is applying for an order for the support of a child and whose income information is necessary to determine the amount of the order must include with the application,

(a) a copy of every personal income tax return filed by the parent or spouse for each of the three most recent taxation years;

(b) a copy of every notice of assessment and reassessment issued to the parent or spouse for each of the three most recent taxation years;

(c) where the parent or spouse is an employee, the most recent statement of earnings indicating the total earnings paid in the year to date, including overtime, or, where such a statement is not provided by the employer, a letter from the parent’s or spouse’s employer setting out that information including the parent’s or spouse’s rate of annual salary or remuneration;

(d) where the parent or spouse is self-employed, for the three most recent taxation years,

(i) the financial statements of the parent’s or spouse’s business or professional practice, other than a partnership, and

(ii) a statement showing a breakdown of all salaries, wages, management fees or other payments or benefits paid to, or on behalf of, persons or corporations with whom the parent or spouse does not deal at arm’s length;

(e) where the parent or spouse is a partner in a partnership, confirmation of the parent’s or spouse’s income and draw from, and capital in, the partnership for its three most recent taxation years;

(f) where the parent or spouse controls a corporation, for its three most recent taxation years,

(i) the financial statements of the corporation and its subsidiaries, and

(ii) a statement showing a breakdown of all salaries, wages, management fees or other payments or benefits paid to, or on behalf of, persons or corporations with whom the corporation, and every related corporation, does not deal at arm’s length;

(g) where the parent or spouse is a beneficiary under a trust, a copy of the trust settlement agreement and copies of the trust’s three most recent financial statements; and

(h) in addition to any information that must be included under clauses (c) to (g), where the parent or spouse receives income from employment insurance, social assistance, a pension, workers compensation, disability payments or any other source, the most recent statement of income indicating the total amount of income from the applicable source during the current year or, if such a statement is not provided, a letter from the appropriate authority stating the required information. O. Reg. 391/97, s. 21 (1); O. Reg. 446/01, s. 7.

Obligation of respondent

(2) A parent or spouse who is served with an application for an order for the support of a child and whose income information is necessary to determine the amount of the order, must, within 30 days after the application is served if the parent or spouse resides in Canada or the United States or within 60 days if the parent or spouse resides elsewhere, or such other time limit as the court specifies, provide the court, as well as the other spouse, an applicant under section 33 of the Act or the order assignee with the documents referred to in subsection (1). O. Reg. 391/97, s. 21 (2).

Special expenses or undue hardship

(3) Where, in the course of proceedings in respect of an application for an order for the support of a child, a parent or spouse requests an amount to cover expenses referred to in subsection 7 (1) or pleads undue hardship, the parent or spouse who would be receiving the amount of child support must, within 30 days after the amount is sought or undue hardship is pleaded if the parent or spouse resides in Canada or the United States or within 60 days if the parent or spouse resides elsewhere, or such other time limit as the court specifies, provide the court and the other parent or spouse with the documents referred to in subsection (1). O. Reg. 391/97, s. 21 (3).


Failure to comply

22. (1) Where a parent or spouse fails to comply with section 21, the other spouse, an applicant under section 33 of the Act or an order assignee may apply,

(a) to have the application for an order for the support of a child set down for a hearing, or move for judgment; or

(b) for an order requiring the parent or spouse who failed to comply to provide the court, as well as the other parent or spouse or order assignee, as the case may be, with the required documents. O. Reg. 391/97, s. 22 (1).

Costs of the proceedings

(2) Where a court makes an order under clause (1) (a) or (b), the court may award costs in favour of the other spouse, the applicant under section 33 of the Act or an order assignee up to an amount that fully compensates the other spouse, the applicant or order assignee for all costs incurred in the proceedings. O. Reg. 391/97, s. 22 (2).

Adverse inference

23. Where the court proceeds to a hearing on the basis of an application under clause 22 (1) (a), the court may draw an adverse inference against the parent or spouse who failed to comply and impute income to that parent or spouse in such amount as it considers appropriate. O. Reg. 391/97, s. 23.

Failure to comply with court order

24. Where a parent or spouse fails to comply with an order issued on the basis of an application under clause 22 (1) (b), the court may,

(a) strike out any of the parent’s or spouse’s pleadings;

(b) make a contempt order against the parent or spouse;

(c) proceed to a hearing, in the course of which it may draw an adverse inference against the parent or spouse and impute income to that parent or spouse in such amount as it considers appropriate; and

(d) award costs in favour of the other spouse, an applicant under section 33 of the Act or an order assignee up to an amount that fully compensates the other spouse, the applicant or assignee for all costs incurred in the proceedings. O. Reg. 391/97, s. 24.

Continuing obligation to provide income information

25. (1) Every parent or spouse against whom an order for the support of a child has been made must, on the written request of the other spouse or the person or agency entitled to payment under the order not more than once a year after the making of the order and as long as the child is a child within the meaning of these guidelines, provide that other spouse, or the person or agency entitled to payment under the order, with,

(a) the documents referred to in subsection 21 (1) for any of the three most recent taxation years for which the parent or spouse has not previously provided the documents;

(b) as applicable, any current information in writing, about the status of any expenses included in the order pursuant to subsection 7 (1); and

(c) as applicable, any current information, in writing, about the circumstances relied on by the court in a determination of undue hardship. O. Reg. 391/97, s. 25 (1).

lv
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Old 12-21-2006, 10:30 AM
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Thanks LV!
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Old 12-21-2006, 06:49 PM
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Dad of Two,

I believe you mentioned that you have a separation agreement. The terms of which are as good as an order when filed with the court. Perhaps that may be a good basis to start your case. Once filed, and if the party is not abiding by the terms willfully, this suggests in itself contempt of the agreement. If their income has increased significantly, this would construe to be a material change of circumstance and as such would clear the path to vary the child support amount. Once the matter is brought forth through the courts, a party must file their sworn financial information. The court definitely would not accept what they have submitted to you ie: an unsigned letter with the term without prejudice"

lv
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